Never proclaim that bees hum, because you might cause offence!
Ten-day old fish hum and old trainers certainly hum (especially when wet), but bees … well bees bombinate.
Some bombinate so much they’re called bombinating bees, or bumble bees (the Bombus species).
Now while this may seem rather ho-hum there is a difference between bombinating and buzzing. A bee bumbling around is bombinating. Steady, stable flight produces a regular, even sound ranging from a high pitched whine in little bees to a more throaty drone from the bigger bees.
Buzzing is something else. It’s episodic, and it doesn’t involve wing-flapping. Instead, the bees ‘uncouple’ their flight muscles and use them to vibrate their body. It’s a useful trick that allows the bees to double the frequency of vibration to over 200 shakes per second.
With a typical buzz lasting just short of a second, that’s a lot of shaking. It’s certainly enough to knock the pollen off the flower’s anthers onto the bee in a process known as buzz-pollination, or sonication.
Honey bees haven’t mastered sonication. Instead they buzz to communicate in hive and to keep warm.
You hear a loud ‘buzzing’ from the hives during a nectar flow, when the bees fan their wings to turn watery nectar into honey. The aroma and noise from the hive on these occasions is heady, you could almost say … it hums!